Now it's time  to tell what you've learned from this acitivity.  As a group, write a summary of each expert's presentation in the comment section.


Peyton L, Hayley I, Sophia C, Morgan P
12/09/2013 10:36am

1) Four trails used during the 19th century cattle drives were... The Chisholm trail, good night loving, western, and shawnes. Some modern Texas cities on the routes were Brownsville, San Antonio, Kenedy, Waco, Fort Worth, etc. A few dangers that the cowboys faced were, a cow hand, adventures young woman, pistol shots, and gambling halls. 2)
In the 1860 there were 6 times more cows than people . 700,000 cattle reached the Kansas railhead in 1871. In the second half of the 1870's Dodge City was the predominant destination in Texas.
3)The Texas Longhorns were brought by the early 16th century explorers.The San Antonia, de Bexar, and Mission Espirit Santo made food and clothing from the cattle. A Spanish or Mexican cowboy is a vaquero.
4)A successful cowboy needed to know how to braid leather, laso, and ride a horse. The wranglers job was to control the remuda with lasos and the remuda were the extra horses taken on a trail drive. Three groups of people who work on a trail drive were the swing rider, the flank rider, and the drag rider. After trail drives were over the men would go to cowtowns and get paid, get drunk, and get into fights.
5) People who rode ahead of the trail to scout for water are called the Trail Boss. The chuck wagon would carrie supplies like water.

Alonzo L.,Eli K.,Haden W., and Adi P.
12/11/2013 10:25am

2. Cattle Markets-McCoy was a big figure in in the history of cattle driving because he was the first person to utilize expanding railroads so that people could easily move cattle to far-away markets. In 1871, almost 700,000 cattle reached the cattle Kansas railhead. In the late 1870’s, Dodge City was the most important destination for Texas herds
3. Cattle-Texas Longhorns descended from the Spanish Andalusia cattle. Some of the earliest ranches were the San Antonio de Baxer, and Mission Espirit’u Santo. They used cattle to make food and clothing to trade with the Native Americans. A vaquero is a Mexican or Spanish cowboy. They used terms like lasso, remuda, lariat, mustang chaps, and bandanna in the olden days, and in the wild west. Lastly cattle were left to rome freely after the Texas Revolution

4. Cowboy-Three qualities that a cowboy needed was to braid leather lasso cattle and ride horses. A wrangler’s job was to control the remuda. Remuda were the extra horses taken on the trail drive. Three groups of people who worked on trail drives were the swing rider, flank rider, and drag rider

5.Terms and Herd Formation-The trail boss was the cowboy that scouted ahead for places to settle. The flank and drag riders kept the cattle in a line in the back of the herd. The swing and point riders stay at the front of the herd and keep the cattle in the front of the herd straight. Also the Chuck Wagon keeps the food and the water that the cowboys need.

Simon Davis, Grace Curry, McKenna Ching, Olivia Houde, Jonathan Stewart
12/11/2013 10:40am

There were 6 times more cows than people in Texas. All the cows all came in on boats to Texas so therefore there were more cows in Texas than any other state. Since there were more cows in Texas than in any other state the demands for cows in the north was very high making the price high in the north and cheap in the south. Dodge City was very popular for Texas herds. Group 2 – Simon D.

The Texas Longhorns descended from Spanish Andalusia. These cattle were brought over by 16th century explorers, in the 16th century. These cattle had to have somewhere to stay somewhere. San Antonio de Baxer and Mission Espirutu Santo were with the earliest ranches. They used cattle to make food and clothing to trade with Native Americans. A vaquero is Spanish or a Mexican cowboy. Cowboys had terms as lasso, remunda, lariat, mustang, chaps, and bandana. After the Texas Revolution, these cattle were left to roam freely as they pleased. Group 3 -Jonathan S.
There are four trails used during 19th century cattle drives they are Chisholm trail, Goodnight loving, Western, and Shawnees. There were modern Texas cities were on the routes of 19th century cattle drives they were San Antonio , Kennedy , New Braunfels , Brownsville , Denton , Decatur , Bowie , Nocona , Waco , Hillsboro , Clifton , Cleburne , Fort worth , San Marcos , Austin , Round rock , and etc. The trail heads were the towns at the end of the cattle drive trails in Kansas and Missouri here are some Kansas and Missouri. Here are four danger faced by cowboys on 19th century cattle drives A cow hand , Gambling halls , adventurous young woman , and pistol shots. Rail roads were invented that contributed to the decline of Texas cattle drives. – Group 1 Olivia H
For cowboys to be successful they need to know how to lasso, braid leather, and ride a horse. A wrangler’s job was to control the remade. The remade were the extra horses taken on a cattle drive. Three groups of people that worked on a cattle drive were swing riders, flank riders, and drag riders. At cow towns such as Abilene, it was very chaotic. This is where the cowboys would get paid. The cowboys at towns like these would go crazy. The cowboys would go to saloons, get drunk, and get into dangerous fights and shoot outs. McKenna C Group 4
There were many different roles that cowboys played on a cattle drive. The point rider rode at the front of the herd, while the trail boss rode ahead to look for water and grass. The swing and flank riders rode at the sides of the herd, steering it as it traveled along the trail. The swing riders steered the herd. The drag riders rode at the back of the herd to keep the cattle moving. Cattle were marked throughout a process called branding where a burning piece of metal shaped like the owner’s initials was pressed onto the cow, leaving a burn on them that would stay there forever. Chuck wagons were packed full of supplies like food and cooking equipment that the cowboys would need on the trail drive.- Grace Curry, Group 5


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